EU COOPERATION

Bilateral cooperation between Thailand and EU is done though the Thailand-EC Cooperation Facility (TEC), which received funding from the EU's International Cooperation unit between 2007-2013 under the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)

This cooperation provided development aid on issues such as poverty reduction, democracy, human rights and sustainable development. 

Programme

With a budget of 17 million euro between 2007-2013, the agreement aims to provide cooperation between Thailand and the EU in four main areas:

  • trade rules and regulations 
  • science, technology and education 
  • the environment
  • good governance, immigration and human rights

The two methods of cooperation in TEC are:

  • Call for Proposal: The EU calls for proposals from governmental agencies and NGOs in Thailand  
  • Policy Dialogue: The EU will supports the proposals approved by Thai governmental agencies such as the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Energy, Office of the Higher Education Commission and the National Science and Technology Development Agency

Future trends in cooperation: Under the EU's new budgeting plan for international development (2014-2020), Thailand will no longer receive assistance under the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI).  Instead, Thailand will belong to Partnership Instrument (PI) with other Upper Middle Income Countries and Lower Middle Income countries 

Partnership Instrument 

This agreement focuses on cooperation through partnership with the EU in areas of EU priorities such as climate change, democracy and human rights. It differs from the previous DCI, which aimed to eradicate poverty and promote development on a donor-recipient basis. 

Thailand-EU agreement under consideration

  • Negotiation on the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation between Thailand and the European Community and its Member States (PCA) covers all aspects of cooperation such as politics, economy, society, investment, education and culture, environment, science and technology, energy and anti-money laundering. The most recent negotiation took place on March 27th 2009 in Bangkok.  At the moment, the agreement has not yet been reached due to disagreement in certain issues. 
  • Thailand – EU Free Trade Area Agreement (FTA) In 2009, both sides agreed to put the negotiation on pause. Thus, the EU initiated negotiations on bilateral FTA with ASEAN countries that are possesses the readiness and capability such as Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand.  In the case of Thailand, the Ministry of Commerce is the main agency that coordinates the agreement.